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Things to Know about Pipes and Pipe Fittings

Everything You Need to Know About Pipes

It’s essential to choose the correct pipe fittings and piping for your plumbing when it comes to drainage. Installing the wrong features will cause a lot of problems, including rust, downtime, and even injury.

You’ll learn how to select the suitable tubing and pipe installation styles for your plumbing applications with our guide.

We have prepared a list of things you need to know about pipes and pipe fittings.


Both plumbing systems are built on the base of pipes. Materials will be unable to travel in and out of residential and industrial applications without them. Conduits, on the other hand, aren’t enough; they need additional fixtures to function correctly. Tubing and fittings are two of these elements.

Pipe Fittings

Fittings are fixtures that tie pipes and tubes together. They are used to connect, join, or lengthen pipelines and come in various materials, shapes, and sizes. If a system has to wrap around a corner but doesn’t have the proper form, the suitable fitting can be used to connect two pipes safely and securely.

Pipe Tubing

Tubing resembles a pipe in appearance and design, but pipe tube fittings are usually used only for structural purposes. These fixtures, unlike pipes, aren’t used to convey liquid or gas, and the exterior diameter is the defining sizing specification.

Pipe tubing and pipe fittings come in a variety of sizes and shapes but choosing the correct ones for your pipes is critical to a functional plumbing system. Fixture compatibility is the most crucial factor to consider when selecting tubing and fittings.

Your plumbing applications will not function correctly without it. When it comes to pipe tubing and fittings, there are a few things to keep in mind.


Many people confuse the words “pipe” and “tubing,” but they have different purposes. In wide plumbing applications, pipes act as a vessel for transfer.

On the other hand, Tubes are frequently used in structural applications requiring smaller diameters and features requiring precise outside diameters.

For your plumbing applications, the right pipe tubing type will provide optimal and cost-effective efficiency. Tubing can be made from several materials, both hard and soft.

Tubing, on the other hand, is divided into three categories:

  1. Structural Appliances: for mechanical properties, tubes are built to be used in buildings and structures.
  2. Fluid Transport: tubes for moving fluids from one location to another.
  3. Electrical Sheathing: abrasion-resistant tubes that are designed to wrap around electrical wires or applications.

Plumbing features, like any other tool, are made to perform particular tasks. Pipe fittings are used to perform a variety of activities, such as expanding the length of a pipe or changing the path of a tube.

Some of the most common pipe fittings and their functions are as follows:

  • Connector: joins two pipes together
  • Elbow: the direction of water flow is changed
  • Reducer: to meet hydraulic flow specifications, pipe size is adjusted
  • Extender: extends the length of pipes by fitting within them
  • Tee: fluid flow from different branches is mixed
  • Coupling: pipes are connected and disconnected for repair or replacement
  • Bushing: connects pipes of different sizes
  • Adapter: at the end of a pipe, extends or adjusts the form of link
  • Cap: a cap that fits over the end of a pipe
  • Plug: fits inside pipes to seal them
  • Valve: stops or controls the movement of something


Since pipes aren’t made of a single material, pipe fittings and pipe tubing are likely to be as well. The choice of material for fittings is influenced by a variety of factors, including temperature, pressure ratings, cost, and so on.

Fittings and tubing materials, on the other hand, are usually matched to the pipe’s material. Metals and plastics, such as brass, copper, steel, black iron, polyvinyl chloride, high-density polythene, and others, are the most popular materials for fittings.

When it comes to tubing, material selection is crucial in choosing the best kind for your needs. When pipes require strength and hardness, rigid metal pipe tubing is used.

The most common metals for tubing are copper, aluminium, and steel. Because of their corrosion resistance, these materials are commonly used in plumbing and heating applications.

In plumbing systems, soft tubing is a more versatile choice. Nylon, polythene, polypropylene, polyurethane, and polyvinyl chloride are the most widely used plastics. Soft tubing resists corrosion is solid and helps to prevent pressure leaks.


An excellent fitting and tubing collection requires proper sizing. The inside diameter (ID) and outside diameter (OD) of a fitting’s corresponding connections, measured in inches or millimetres, determine its size.

The ID specifies the size of the cylinder’s empty part, while the OD specifies the thickness of the tubing wall.

The tubing sizes are identical. The tube sizing measurements are determined by the OD, ID, and wall thickness, which are all measured in inches or millimetres, but nominal tube sizes are based on the outside diameter.

Your plumbing systems will be able to work at peak capacity if you carefully and correctly choose the appropriate pipe tubing and pipe fitting forms for your application.

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